Biojournal of Science and Technology (BJST)

A Scholarly Journal for Biological Publications

Biojournal of Science and Technology
Volume 2, ISSN:2410-9754, Article ID: m150001

Review Article

Evaluation of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and ethnobotanical properties of Euphorbia neriifolia

Md.Bokhtiar Rahman1, Sattya Narayan Talukdar1*, Sudip Paul2, Susmita Rajbongshi3

Department of Biochemistry, School of Science, Primeasia University, Dhaka1213, Bangladesh. 

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka1342, Bangladesh. 

3Department of Pharmacy, LM College of Pharmacy, Gujrat Technological University, Gujrat, India.

Date of Acceptance: Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Date of Published: Sunday, September 13, 2015

Address corresponds to
Sattya Narayan Talukdar Department of Biochemistry, School of Science, Primeasia University, Dhaka1213, Bangladesh E-mail: sattya.narayan@primeasia.edu.bd

Acedemic Editor: M Hafizur Rahman

To cite this article
Md.Bokhtiar Rahman, Sattya Narayan Talukdar, Sudip Paul, Susmita Rajbongshi.Evaluation of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and ethnobotanical properties of Euphorbia neriifolia.Biojournal of Science and Technology.Vol:2,2015

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ABSTRACT

Euphorbia neriifolia is a medicinal plant included in family Euphorbiaceae, commonly known as milk hedge. It is a cactus like plant originated from South Asia and normally grows around dry, rocky and hilly areas of India, Bangladesh and other south Asian countries. Probably because of the presence of significant amount of antioxidant and secondary metabolites including flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, saponins, phenolic compounds etc., its root, stem, bark, leaf, flower, fruit and in some cases whole plant are used as medicine from ancient time. Moreover, their usages were recommended in ayurvedic classic "Charaksamhita" and other traditional medicinal system. Recent pharmacognostical survey showed the plant has potent anti-carcinogenic, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-diabetic, analgesic, psychotropic, antifertility, anti-inflammatory, anti-parasitic, hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic activities. This review can be considered as a bird's eye view providing emphasis on phytochemical, pharmacological properties as well as traditional use of Euphorbia neriifolia will be helpful for future researchers interested in medicinal plant based research.

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